19. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Strengthen its efforts to achieve universal registration, including through the expansion of electronic registration systems throughout the State party, capacity-building of officials on the use and management of electronic systems, introduction of mobile registration units in rural areas, and public awareness-raising on the importance of birth registrations;
(b) Prohibit the practice of informal fees for the issuance of birth certificates;
(c) Ensure that all children, including Khmer Krom, ethnic Vietnamese and migrant children, have access to birth registration and identity documents;
(d) Develop a procedure to determine statelessness in order to properly identify and protect stateless children;
(e) Consider ratifying the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
44. Noting with deep concern the discrimination faced by children belonging to minority or indigenous groups, which places them in particularly vulnerable situations, the Committee recommends that the State party combat discrimination faced by children belonging to minority or indigenous groups, including children of Vietnamese origin and Khmer Krom children, and ensure their full and equal access to birth registration and identity documents, health care, adequate housing, education and all other services.
Protection/Enjoyment of rights
Identification and determination procedures