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  • Stateless Persons
  • Nationality
  • Children
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Number of results found: 1382

Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Palestine*

28. The Committee is concerned that: (a) The registration of children, particularly children of parents living outside of the State party, is often delayed and that fees apply if the registration is not made within 11 days of the birth; 29. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable...

28. The Committee is concerned that:

(a) The registration of children, particularly children of parents living outside of the State party, is often delayed and that fees apply if the registration is not made within 11 days of the birth;

29. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party to:

(a) Consider waving fees for late birth registration, in particular for families living outside of the State party, and continue its measures to promote birth registration;

 

Birth registration
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Costa Rica

22. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals on providing legal identity for all, including birth registration, the Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Implement a strategy to ensure that all indigenous, Afrodescendent and migrant children, as well as...

22. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals on providing legal identity for all, including birth registration, the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Implement a strategy to ensure that all indigenous, Afrodescendent and migrant children, as well as children with disabilities, are registered at birth and provided with personal identification documents;

(b) Develop such strategy in consultation with indigenous peoples and Afrodescendent groups in coastal and rural areas, seeking partnerships to ensure universal birth registration. 

Nationality/Identity documentation Birth registration
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Hungary

19. With reference to target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party: (a) To amend the Citizenship Act to prevent statelessness of children of foreign parents unable to confer their nationality on children born abroad, and of children of recognized...

19. With reference to target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party:

(a) To amend the Citizenship Act to prevent statelessness of children of foreign parents unable to confer their nationality on children born abroad, and of children of recognized stateless persons who have no established residence in the country;

(b) To ensure that those children are able to obtain Hungarian nationality according to a clear process and rules applied uniformly throughout the country. 

26. Recalling its previous recommendations (CRC/C/HUN/CO/3-5, para. 37), the Committee urges the State party:

(...)

(c) To increase access to counselling and social support for pregnant women in crisis situations, and to introduce confidential birth registration to prevent the abandonment of children and ensure their safe delivery into the child protection system, while phasing out the so-called “baby box” (incubator) programme.

Access to nationality/Naturalization Born abroad Birth registration Discrimination - Other Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Belarus

18. While welcoming the 2015 amendments to the law on citizenship that provide for a citizenship entitlement for children born in Belarus to stateless parents temporarily residing there, the Committee, recalling target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, recommends that the State...

18. While welcoming the 2015 amendments to the law on citizenship that provide for a citizenship entitlement for children born in Belarus to stateless parents temporarily residing there, the Committee, recalling target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, recommends that the State party:

(a) Intensify the collection of data on stateless children, disaggregated by age, sex, country of origin or former habitual residence and residence in Belarus;

(b) Further strengthen the prevention of statelessness among children, including by extending protection to children born to undocumented stateless parents;

(c) Ensure that all stateless children have access to education and health care;

(d) Consider ratifying the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, the European Convention on Nationality and the Council of Europe Convention on the Avoidance of Statelessness in relation to State Succession. 

Protection/Enjoyment of rights Born on territory Children - Other International Instruments Data Collection/Monitoring/Reporting
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Rwanda

18. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee notes with appreciation the introduction of e-registration in health facilities and recommends that the State party: (a) Continue its efforts to promote the timely registration of births, including by...

18. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee notes with appreciation the introduction of e-registration in health facilities and recommends that the State party:

(a) Continue its efforts to promote the timely registration of births, including by implementing e-registration in all health facilities and mobile registration campaigns throughout the country and raising awareness among the general public of the new e-registration system and of the importance of birth registration;

(b) Ensure effective coordination between health facilities, civil registrars and notary officers, the digitalization without fees of the registrations of children who were born prior to the availability of e-registration and that all registered children receive birth certificates. 

Birth registration
Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

Colombia

38. The Committee welcomes the adoption by the National Civil Registry Office of Decision No. 8470 of 5 August 2019, also known as the “Childhood First” decision, which grants Colombian nationality to children born in Colombia whose parents are Venezuelan migrants. According to official...

38. The Committee welcomes the adoption by the National Civil Registry Office of Decision No. 8470 of 5 August 2019, also known as the “Childhood First” decision, which grants Colombian nationality to children born in Colombia whose parents are Venezuelan migrants. According to official estimates, this measure could benefit more than 24,000 children of Venezuelan descent who have been born in Colombia since 15 August 2015. The Committee notes with appreciation the publication by the National Civil Registry Office of Circular No. 168 of 22 December 2017, which states that the children of foreign mothers at risk of statelessness will be recorded in the civil register without the need to provide proof of domicile, thus facilitating Venezuelan children’s access to Colombian nationality. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that children whose mothers hold other foreign nationalities are not afforded the same opportunities.

39. The Committee recommends that the State party treat migrant workers and their children born in Colombia on equal terms, regardless of their place of origin, and that it maintain its policy of eradicating statelessness in its territory by guaranteeing nationality for children born in Colombian territory, without discrimination on the grounds of their parents’ nationality of origin.

(Forced) migration context Access to nationality/Naturalization Born on territory Race/Ethnicity
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)

Senegal

33. The State party should: (...) (d) Revise Act No. 61-10 on Senegalese nationality in order to avoid the risk of statelessness, in particular for all foundlings found in Senegalese territory, irrespective of their age, and children born in Senegal to foreign parents. 43. The State party...

33. The State party should: (...)

(d) Revise Act No. 61-10 on Senegalese nationality in order to avoid the risk of statelessness, in particular for all foundlings found in Senegalese territory, irrespective of their age, and children born in Senegal to foreign parents.

43. The State party should strengthen its birth registration policy and in particular:
(a) Modernize its civil registration system and increase the budget allocated to it;
(b) Provide free birth registration, at least for children under the age of 5, especially in rural and remote areas;
(c) Strengthen mobile birth registration teams with a view to reaching the most remote areas.

Foundlings/Unaccompanied children Birth registration Discrimination - Other Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)

Belgium

12. The State party should: (...) (b) Provide legal guarantees for individuals whose nationalities, residence permits or passports have been revoked and/or who are included in the various databases related to efforts to prevent and combat terrorism and violent extremism, including...

12. The State party should:

(...)

(b) Provide legal guarantees for individuals whose nationalities, residence permits or passports have been revoked and/or who are included in the various databases related to efforts to prevent and combat terrorism and violent extremism, including effective remedies.

(...)

30. The State party should:

(...)

(b) Adopt legislation on statelessness for the granting of citizenship or residence permits to persons recognized as stateless in the State party.

Protection/Enjoyment of rights Remedy/Reparation Loss/Deprivation Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)

Czechia

45. The State party should consider revising the relevant regulations with a view to introducing an internationally accepted definition of statelessness so as to increase transparency and facilitate more effective handling of statelessness applications. It should establish a dedicated and...

45. The State party should consider revising the relevant regulations with a view to introducing an internationally accepted definition of statelessness so as to increase transparency and facilitate more effective handling of statelessness applications. It should establish a dedicated and effective statelessness determination procedure with specific procedural considerations and safeguards, and ensure that every child has a nationality, in accordance with article 24 (3) of the Covenant, including by granting citizenship to children born to stateless parents irrespective of their legal status. (...)

Identification and determination procedures Access to nationality/Naturalization Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

22. In the light of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals and with reference to its previous recommendations (para. 36), the Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure the issuance of birth certificates for all children born in its territory, immediately after the...

22. In the light of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals and with reference to its previous recommendations (para. 36), the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Ensure the issuance of birth certificates for all children born in its territory, immediately after the birth, regardless of the immigration status of the child or the parents, including those who have expressed an intention to apply for asylum and those who are undocumented, and that birth registration be free of charge for all children;

(b) Provide special support to illiterate or undocumented persons in order to facilitate birth registration of their children;

(c) Consider ratifying the 2009 Council of Europe Convention on the avoidance of statelessness in relation to State succession. 

Birth registration International Instruments