Search by country or region

Select a UN mechanism

Choose one or more sub-themes

Select one or more years of publication

Select true or false

Theme Key

  • Stateless Persons
  • Nationality
  • Children
  • Discrimination
  • Implementing measures

Number of results found: 1382

Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

Mexico

40. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt effective measures, including amendments to article 68 of the Population Act, to ensure that Civil Registry officials and other relevant authorities register all births of children of migrant workers in the State party on an entirely...

40. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt effective measures, including amendments to article 68 of the Population Act, to ensure that Civil Registry officials and other relevant authorities register all births of children of migrant workers in the State party on an entirely non-discriminatory basis, regardless of those workers’ migration status.

Birth registration
Human Rights Committee (CCPR)

Mongolia

26. While welcoming the possibility for children of stateless persons to apply for citizenship in their late teenage years, and the six-month legal deadline in which the authorities are supposed to attend any request to acquire Mongolian nationality, the Committee is concerned about...

26. While welcoming the possibility for children of stateless persons to apply for citizenship in their late teenage years, and the six-month legal deadline in which the authorities are supposed to attend any request to acquire Mongolian nationality, the Committee is concerned about allegations according to which, in practice, the process takes between 9 and 13 years. The Committee is also concerned about persons who have become stateless as a result of the legal obligation for individuals to renounce their nationality upon application for another nationality, including ethnic Kazakhs who renounced their Mongolian nationality, but subsequently failed to acquire the Kazakh nationality they applied for and became stateless (arts. 24 and 26 of the Covenant).

The State party should conduct a thorough analysis of its legal framework to identify the provisions that lead to statelessness, and implement immediate reforms to guarantee the right of all persons to receive a nationality, including for stateless children who were born on the territory of Mongolia to stateless parents. The State party should ensure respect for the six-month legal deadline for the finalization of this procedure.

Remedy/Reparation Born on territory Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Ukraine

36. The Committee urges the State party to adopt positive incentives so as to ensure that free and compulsory birth registration is effectively made available to all children, regardless of ethnicity and social background. In this endeavour, the Committee recommends that the State party...

36. The Committee urges the State party to adopt positive incentives so as to ensure that free and compulsory birth registration is effectively made available to all children, regardless of ethnicity and social background. In this endeavour, the Committee recommends that the State party abolish any punitive fines for the failure of parents to register their children. The Committee further calls upon the State party to intensify its awareness-raising campaigns to encourage and ensure the registration of all Roma children.

38. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Amend legislation so as to guarantee by law and in practice the right of the child to a nationality and not to be deprived of it on any ground and regardless of the status of his/her parents;

(b) Ratify the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

 

Loss/Deprivation Birth registration International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Belarus

19. The Committee recommends that the Committee strengthen the collection of disaggregated data, with special attention to violence against children, juvenile delinquency, child labour, abandonment, migration, children belonging to minority groups, particularly the Roma, stateless children,...

19. The Committee recommends that the Committee strengthen the collection of disaggregated data, with special attention to violence against children, juvenile delinquency, child labour, abandonment, migration, children belonging to minority groups, particularly the Roma, stateless children, and women and children infected and affected by HIV.

34. In accordance with article 7, the Committee urges the State party to ensure the implementation of the right of all children to acquire a nationality, as far as possible, in order to prevent statelessness. It should inter alia collect data on stateless children. In this regard, the Committee encourages the State party to seek technical assistance from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The Committee further recommends that the State party consider ratifying the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, the 1997 European Convention on Nationality and the 2009 Council of Europe Convention on the avoidance of statelessness in relation to State succession.

54. The Committee recommends that the State party continue to strengthen efforts to improve the health situation of all children, including by guaranteeing free-of charge medical treatment for all children (both foreign citizens and stateless persons) who hold a temporary residence permit in the State party.

Protection/Enjoyment of rights International Instruments Data Collection/Monitoring/Reporting Implementing measures - Other
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Lao People's Democratic Republic

35. (...) The Committee also recommends that the State party ensure that civil status registries exist in all districts, including small rural districts, that it raise awareness among parents and administrative authorities in small, isolated villages about the family registration law and...

35. (...) The Committee also recommends that the State party ensure that civil status registries exist in all districts, including small rural districts, that it raise awareness among parents and administrative authorities in small, isolated villages about the family registration law and birth registration procedures, as well as consider introducing mobile units for birth registration and issuance of birth certificates. The Committee encourages the State party to provide birth certificates free of charge for all children born on its territory, and to ensure that parents, whether from urban or rural areas, have equal access to birth registration and birth certificate services.

Birth registration
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Afganistan

34. (...) It urges the State party to take all necessary measures to ensure that all children, including children born out of wedlock, are properly registered at birth. 63. (...) The Committee also calls upon the State party to take the necessary measures to ensure that returnee, refugee...

34. (...) It urges the State party to take all necessary measures to ensure that all children, including children born out of wedlock, are properly registered at birth.

63. (...) The Committee also calls upon the State party to take the necessary measures to ensure that returnee, refugee and internally displaced children are not denied access to education and identity documents, and are not discriminated in any other way on the basis of their ethnicity. The Committee encourages the State party to accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

 

Nationality/Identity documentation Birth registration International Instruments
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 1st

Estonia

80.4. Accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. 

80.4. Accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

Recommending State: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Recommendation Noted

International Instruments
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 1st

Estonia

80.17. Grant citizenship to all those who live on a permanent basis in the territory of Estonia and wish to become a citizen, grant, as a mater of urgency, the right to citizenship to all children born in Estonia of so-called non-citizens, without exception, lift the prohibition on access of...

80.17. Grant citizenship to all those who live on a permanent basis in the territory of Estonia and wish to become a citizen, grant, as a mater of urgency, the right to citizenship to all children born in Estonia of so-called non-citizens, without exception, lift the prohibition on access of membership in political parties to so-called non-citizens who have permanent residency in the country and are citizens of countries which are not members of the European Union, as well as provide non-citizens the passive right to vote in municipal elections. 

Recommending State: Russia

Recommendation Noted

Access to nationality/Naturalization Born on territory
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 1st

Estonia

77.85. Resolve the problem of persons without citizenship, and prevent such cases from arising in the future. 

77.85. Resolve the problem of persons without citizenship, and prevent such cases from arising in the future. 

Recommending State: Ecuador

Recommendation Accepted

Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 1st

Mozambique

89.66. Undertake measures to ensure that all children are registered immediately after birth, as a crucial step for children to benefit formally from the social protection system. 

89.66. Undertake measures to ensure that all children are registered immediately after birth, as a crucial step for children to benefit formally from the social protection system. 

Recommending State: Uruguay

Recommendation Accepted

Birth registration