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  • Stateless Persons
  • Nationality
  • Children
  • Discrimination
  • Implementing measures

Number of results found: 1227

Colombia

31. The Committee takes note of the State party’s accession to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, in 2014. The Committee notes that the State party has signed but not ratified the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons. It notes with appreciation the...

31. The Committee takes note of the State party’s accession to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, in 2014. The Committee notes that the State party has signed but not ratified the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons. It notes with appreciation the issuance by the National Registry on 22 December 2017 of Circular No. 168, which establishes that children born of foreign mothers who are at risk of becoming stateless will be included in the civil registry without the need for proof of domicile, something that facilitates access to Colombian nationality for those children. The Committee is concerned, however, that the children of foreign mothers, in particular Venezuelan mothers, who are not necessarily at risk of statelessness are issued only with a birth certificate, which does not constitute proof of Colombian nationality, thereby rendering access to the national public health and education systems more difficult.


32. The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Ratify the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons;
(b) Review policies to facilitate the issuance of Colombian birth certificates and adequate access to health and education services for all children of foreign mothers.

Birth registration International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Syria

17. The Committee remains concerned about discriminatory provisions in the Penal Code, the Personal Status Code and the law on nationality that have a negative impact on children regarding, inter alia, access to nationality, inheritance, parental recognition or age of custody. In the light...

17. The Committee remains concerned about discriminatory provisions in the Penal Code, the Personal Status Code and the law on nationality that have a negative impact on children regarding, inter alia, access to nationality, inheritance, parental recognition or age of custody. In the light of the armed conflict it is also concerned about discrimination against children based on where they live, particularly regarding access to education, health services and safe water. The Committee urges the State party to:

(a) Repeal all the legal provisions that discriminate against girls, such as those concerning unequal inheritance rights, as well as provisions not allowing children to receive their mother’s nationality, not allowing children born to unmarried parents to have their father’s name registered in civil records, and establishing a different age of custody for girls and boys; 

24. Recalling target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals and its previous recommendations (CRC/C/SYR/CO/3-4, paras. 42 and 44), the Committee urges the State party to:

(a) Strengthen its efforts to re-establish civil affairs services throughout the territory, take into account the difficulties faced by families currently or previously living in areas controlled by non-State actors in gaining access to official documentation, and consider recognizing documents issued locally by mukhtars or sheikhs to facilitate the issuance of birth certificates;

(b) Consider waving fees for late birth registration, in particular among displaced families and those living in areas newly under State control, and consider adopting temporary measures, such as mobile teams to assist families in hard-to-reach areas, to promote and facilitate birth registration;

(c) Review its legislation to implement gender-equitable measures regarding civil documentation allowing women to be the legal guardians of their children and promptly adopt the draft amendment to article 3 of the law on nationality allowing Syrian women to transmit nationality to their children on an equal basis with Syrian men;

(d) Amend the Personal Status Code to ensure that children of Muslim mothers and non-Muslim fathers, children born to unmarried parents and children born from situations of sexual violence are recognized, registered and have access to birth registration documents;

(e) Consider ratifying the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. 

Access to nationality/Naturalization Nationality/Identity documentation Birth registration Gender International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Japan

23. Recalling target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Consider expanding the scope of article 2 (3) of the Nationality Act to automatically grant nationality at birth also to children who cannot acquire the nationality of their...

23. Recalling target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Consider expanding the scope of article 2 (3) of the Nationality Act to automatically grant nationality at birth also to children who cannot acquire the nationality of their parents, and review other nationality and citizenship laws to ensure that all children living in the State party are duly registered, including children of irregular migrants, and protected from de jure statelessness

(b) Take necessary and proactive measures to ensure that all unregistered children, such as asylum-seeking children, receive education, health and other social services;

(c) Develop a procedure to determine statelessness in order to properly identify and protect stateless children;

(d) Consider ratifying the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. 

Identification and determination procedures Access to nationality/Naturalization International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Italy

15. Taking note of targets 5.1 and 10.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure full protection against all forms of discrimination, including advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred, by:  (c) Strengthening other preventive...

15. Taking note of targets 5.1 and 10.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure full protection against all forms of discrimination, including advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred, by: 

(c) Strengthening other preventive activities against discrimination and, if necessary, taking affirmative action for the benefit of children and in particular children in marginalized and disadvantaged situations, such as asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children; stateless children; children belonging to minorities, including Roma, Sinti and Caminanti children; children born to unmarried parents; lesbian, bisexual, gay or transgender children and children living in lesbian, bisexual, gay or transgender families; intersex children; children with disabilities; and children in street situations. 

18. In the light of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals and with reference to its previous recommendations (CRC/C/ITA/CO/3-4, para. 29), the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Take measures to prevent statelessness and ensure the effective implementation of the law regulating the acquisition of Italian citizenship at birth to otherwise stateless children;

(b) Adopt legislation to improve statelessness determination procedures in accordance with international standards;

(c) Resume the meetings of the working group on the legal status of Roma, Sinti and Caminanti, and take measures to improve the situation of undocumented or stateless children belonging to those communities;

(d) Consider ratifying the European Convention on Nationality. 

36. With reference to joint general comments No. 3 and No. 4 (2017) of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families/No. 22 and No. 23 (2017) of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on the human rights of children in the context of international migration, the Committee urges the State party: 

(c) To strengthen measures to reduce the statelessness of migrant children; 

Protection/Enjoyment of rights Identification and determination procedures Stateless Persons - Other (Forced) migration context Access to nationality/Naturalization International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Guinea

22. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party to: (a) Strengthen measures to promote mandatory, universal and timely birth registration, free of charge, and intensify its efforts to raise awareness among the population, including...

22. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party to:

(a) Strengthen measures to promote mandatory, universal and timely birth registration, free of charge, and intensify its efforts to raise awareness among the population, including parents, health professionals and teachers, about the importance of birth registration and about the birth registration procedures, taking into account the high level of illiteracy in the State party;

(b) Continue efforts to decentralize birth registration as far as possible to benefit rural and marginalized populations, including by establishing mobile birth registration teams and by integrating registration units into health facilities;

(c) Eliminate any fees and costs associated with registration;

(d) Ensure that all children receive a birth certificate without delay, and adopt effective measures to combat the prevalence of counterfeit birth certificates;

(e) Improve the data-collection systems, data transmission and archiving used for birth registration and seek technical assistance from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), among others;

(f) Allocate sufficient human, technical and financial resources to the civil registration system, in particular to bodies and mechanisms at the local level and to the National Directorate for Civil Status Matters. 

Birth registration
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Bahrain

17. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations (CRC/C/BHR/CO/2-3, para. 31) and recommends that the State party: (a) Review, as a matter of priority, its legislation and practices, with a view to prohibiting all forms of discrimination, adequately sanctioning perpetrators and...

17. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations (CRC/C/BHR/CO/2-3, para. 31) and recommends that the State party:

(a) Review, as a matter of priority, its legislation and practices, with a view to prohibiting all forms of discrimination, adequately sanctioning perpetrators and providing child victims of discrimination with effective and appropriate remedies;

(b) Strengthen the effectiveness of its social protection system for all children in disadvantaged or vulnerable situations, without discrimination;

(c) Conduct comprehensive public education and awareness-raising programmes, including campaigns, to combat and prevent discrimination against girls, children with disabilities, Baharna and Ajam children and children born to foreign or stateless fathers. 

22. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Expeditiously amend its Citizenship Act to ensure the right to a nationality for all children of Bahraini women married to non-Bahraini men, to establish safeguards to prevent children from being stateless and to ensure that the citizenship of such children is not revoked;

(b) Collect data on stateless children, disaggregated by, inter alia, sex, age, national and ethnic origin, and minority or socioeconomic status, and provide information on this issue in its next report;

(c) Guarantee the right to acquire Bahraini citizenship for all children currently residing in the State party who would otherwise be stateless, regardless of their own, or their parents’, legal status;

(d) Consider ratifying the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness;

(e) Seek technical assistance from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), among others, for the implementation of these recommendations. 

Protection/Enjoyment of rights Loss/Deprivation Access to nationality/Naturalization Gender International Instruments Data Collection/Monitoring/Reporting Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action Implementing measures - Other
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 3rd

Malaysia

151.150 Amend all provisions of the federal Constitution that deny women equal rights with respect to the transmission of their nationality to their children.

151.150 Amend all provisions of the federal Constitution that deny women equal rights with respect to the transmission of their nationality to their children.

Recommending State: Belgium

Recommendation Noted

Gender Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 3rd

Malaysia

151.208 Continue its efforts for gender equality and allow Malaysian women to pass on their citizenship to their children and spouses.   

151.208 Continue its efforts for gender equality and allow Malaysian women to pass on their citizenship to their children and spouses. 

 

Recommending State: Iceland

Recommendation Noted

Gender
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 3rd

Malaysia

151.151 Take steps to harmonize laws and policies on nationality to ensure equal rights for Malaysian women and men in all situations.

151.151 Take steps to harmonize laws and policies on nationality to ensure equal rights for Malaysian women and men in all situations.

Recommending State: Haiti

Recommendation Noted

Gender Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Universal Periodic Review (UPR) 3rd

Malaysia

151.219 Eliminate all forms of discrimination against women and girls and withdraw all remaining reservations to articles 9 and 16 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.  

151.219 Eliminate all forms of discrimination against women and girls and withdraw all remaining reservations to articles 9 and 16 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

 

Recommending State: Sweden

Recommendation Noted

Gender International Instruments